Mafra Palace and Bom Jesus Sanctuary in Braga are already Unesco’s heritage, it was in Baku in Azerbaijan at the 43rd Session of the Heritage Committee, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), which Portugal was able to bring together two more important monuments to the list of the 15 that already had, happening now to have 17 monuments World Heritage of the Unesco.
National Palace of Mafra
A Baroque architectural complex, consisting of the Royal Palace, a Basilica and a magnificent Convent, where you will find important collections of Italian and Portuguese sculpture and painting, one of the best Portuguese libraries, as well as two magnificent carillions, six of the most important and imposing country and an 18th century hospital.
The National Palace of Mafra is the most important monument of the baroque in Portugal, built with a stone of the region, the stone lioz and a dimension of 38,000 m, with 1,200 rooms, 4,700 doors and windows and 156 stairs, a construction only realized by the affluence of Brazil, during the reign of Dom João V:
The Portuguese King Dom Joao V commissioned sculptures and paintings of great Italian and Portuguese masters, in Flanders two chimes with 92 largest bells ever built up to that time and still a set of six historical organs in the Basilica, as well as an important library of the 16th century. XVIII, with 38,000 volumes and a Conventual Nucleus.
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus
Another asset of the European Baroque, the Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte, although with numerous changes over the years, its origin dates back to the beginning of the fourteenth century, is undoubtedly the largest tourist attraction in the region of Braga, Minho, north from Portugal.
Another of the great curiosities is the funicular, a great work of engineering of the century. XIX, the first to be installed in Portugal in 1882, working to this day with a water system to overcome a 300 meter gap in 3 minutes, a system of counterweights, quite caricatures these days.
A staircase formed by 17 floors adorned with various themed symbolic sources, allegorical statues and other baroque decoration of the Via Sacra, the Five Senses, the Virtues, the Terreiro de Moisés and, at the top, the eight biblical figures who participated in the Condemnation Of Jesus.